The Standards :
For British Poultry Standards 7th Edition
Origin: Great Britain
Classification: Light: Soft Feather
Egg Colour: White/cream
This breed has been bred in Scotland for more than a hundred years, and the
birds used to be known as Bakies, Crawlers and Creepers. Fowls having identical
dumpy characteristics have been shown to exist as early as 900AD.
The bird is considered an ideal broody, being an excellent sitter and mother.
Heavy, with a waddling gait, the extreme shortness of its legs giving the bird
the appearance of 'swimming on dry land.' Shortness of leg alone
should not constitute the breed"s claim to notice. The large, low, heavy
body, and other points of excellence must be possessed also.
Body long and broad. Back broad and flat. Breast deep. Wings of medium size and
neatly carried. Tail full and flowing, the sickles well arched.
Fine. Beak strong and well curved. Eyes large and clear. Comb single, of medium
size, upright and straight, free from side sprigs, and the back following the
line of the skull, evenly serrated on top. Face smooth. Ear-lobes small and close
to the neck. Wattles of medium size.
Of fair length, in keeping with the size of the body, and covered with flowing
Legs and Feet:
Legs very short, the shanks not exceeding 3.75cm (1.5 inches.) Toes, four, well
The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for the
natural sexual differences.
MALE and FEMALE plumage.
The colours most widely seen are black, cuckoo and white. Recently introduced
colours are brown/red and birchen. Other colours seen should only include
standardised colours in other breeds.
Male and female plumage should be glossy black with a green sheen. Eyes dark.
Male and female plumage light blue or grey ground, each feather marked across
with bands of dark blue or grey. Eyes red.
Male and female plumage pure white, free from cream tinge, no black feathers.
Hackle, back and wing bow bright lemon, the neck hackle feathers striped down
the centre with green-black.
Remainder green-black, the breast feathers edged with pale lemon as low as the
top of the thighs.
Neck hackle light lemon to the top of the head, the lower feathers being
striped with green-black. Remainder green-black, the breast laced as in the
male, the shoulders free from ticking and the back free from lacing.
In both sexes:
Beak very dark horn, black preferred.
Legs & feet black or slate.
Comb, face and wattles bright red.
Hackle, back, saddle, shoulder coverts and wing bows silver-white, the neck
hackle with narrow black striping. Remainder rich black, the breast having a
narrow silver margin around each feather, giving it a regular laced appearance
gradually diminishing to perfect black thighs.
Hackle similar to that of the male. Remainder rich black, the breast very
delicately laced as in the male.
In both sexes:
Beak dark horn, black preferred.
Comb, face and wattles bright red.
In all colours:
Comb, face, wattles and ear-lobes bright red.
Beak, legs and feet white, except in the black variety where they should be
black or slate, and in the Cuckoo, mottled.
Scots Dumpy bantams should follow the large fowl standard.
Male 3.2kg (7lb)
Female 2.7kg (6lb)
Male 800g (1.75lb)
Female 675g (1.5lb)
White ear lobes.
Yellow or feathered shanks or feet.
SCALE OF POINTS:
The Breed :
Any standardised colour is allowed and as a result, there are a variety of
colours seen. The most common are black and cuckoo, while white and blue are
increasing in popularity.
Many people are put off the idea of keeping Dumpies as the dwarfing gene
which produces its unique short legs also produces infertility and chicks
"dying in shell". The genetics are complicated, but can be
summarised in the following paragraphs.
Perhaps the most unusual feature of the Dumpy is its genetic make-up. Like
the Dexter cow and the Japanese bantam, the Dumpy has a semi-lethal
"Creeper" gene that shortens its legs in a single dose (heterozygous)
or causes the embryo to die during incubation in a double dose (homozygous).
However, since the Creeper gene is dominant to the normal leg length, those
birds with a single dose appear with short legs. This produces interesting
results when breeding!
From the above table you can see that from the point of view of genetics it
does not matter whether you cross two short-legged birds or a short legged and
a long-legged bird in terms of the number of short legged progeny.
Instead, there is an increase in the number of birds with long legs at the
expense of those dead in shell.
Although there are no actual records to show this, long-legged females seem to
lay more eggs than those with short legs, and are often bigger birds overall.
This is probably because the Creeper gene stunts growth overall, with the limbs
affected more than other parts of the body.
Perhaps the challenge of producing the perfect short-legged "waddling"
Scots Dumpy is what attracts many people to the breed.
If you want a few chickens to keep in your back garden then it is well worth
considering the Scots Dumpy for a number of reasons. Their short legs mean they
won't scratch up your garden.
They are excellent egg producers. They are superb broodies and excellent mothers.
They are very beautiful, and they are also docile, but be warned they are an
excellent alarm clock and the cocks are more inclined to crow at the first sign
of dawn than other breeds. If you have difficulty breeding all short-legged birds,
the long legged ones which you will inevitably produce, make an excellent table